Organic Farming Practices India
Daisika Organics - December 15, 2020
What is Organic Farming? Why have we suddenly been hearing this term more often? And of what importance is it to us, our planet and our future generations?
These are some questions that this article will attempt to answer.
Organic farming is not a new concept. It has been around for more than 100 years now. It is actually a farming technique native to India and is said to have been introduced to the world in early 20th century, as a crop production technique that avoids the use of synthetic compounds such as, fertilizers, pesticides, growth regulators and the likes – which is known as Modern Agriculture in India. Modern Agriculture in India is hardy 60 years old, having been introduced to us by the Americans, which began the use of these synthetic compounds in our farming, and slowly putting an end to our original organic practices.
Synthetic compounds and modern farming technique using these have been successful in increasing crop yields by a significant degree, due to which they have been used excessively, but in the process the damages done to environment, humans and livestock have been constantly overlooked or ignored.
But this excessive usage of chemical fertilizers and pesticides in farming and agriculture in recent years has been the reason for environment, human (and animal) health and even the country’s socio-economic status becoming huge matters of concern.
As a result of this, many Indians too have been turning to organic foods of late, which are easier on their system and also do not harm the environment in any way in order to be grown.
Organic farming involves the usage of ecologically based pest controls and biological fertilizers derived largely from animal wastes and nitrogen-fixing instead of synthetic fertilizers. The principal methods of organic farming include methods and components like crop rotation, compost, green manures, mechanical cultivation and biological pest control.
Organic farming technique has been considered to be a viable option in most of countries, and has proved successful in its endeavours for the most part.
This farming technique is practiced in India with some principles – called “The Four Principles of Organic Agriculture”, which can contribute to improving our agriculture and environment:
1. Principles of Health – The health of the ecosystem, people, and communities.
2. The Principles of Ecology – The right balance between ecosystem and environment or nature.
3. Principles of Fairness – Good human relationships and quality of life.
4. Principles of Care – The considerations about the environment and environment of the future.
After organic foods and products have started to be re-introduced, organic producers are also getting good prices in the market for their products, which has provided new hope to the organic farmers in India.
Many Indian farmers, who have been practicing modern agriculture are turning to organic practices, as it has slashed cultivation and input costs by up to 70% due to the use of cheaper, natural products like manure instead of chemicals and fertilisers which are relatively more expensive.
As the environmental and health awareness increases, organic agriculturalists believe more farmers will join the movement because it's favourable to them, as their yields will rise and cultivation costs will reduce.
In several developed countries, especially in Europe, organic agriculture already represents a significant portion of their food system. And in India once again, organic farming is getting momentum from the current population, which is an indication of the changing scenario in the country. And this is a great sign…for the environment, livestock us humans and our future generations.