- Good non-GM seed selection
- Soil enrichment
- Non-use of pesticides
- No artificial ripening or treatment
Non-GMO Seed Selection
GMO is the acronym for “genetically modified organisms” – and GMO seeds are the seeds which are not naturally grown in a garden but in a laboratory using modern biotechnology techniques like gene splicing. In this practice, a seed’s DNA is modified to ensure the resulting plant produces desired characteristics.
Most of the seeds we buy today in markets and which are even used to grow “organic” produce aren’t exactly original – that’s right! Their genetics have been modified over many years - organisms whose specific traits are desirable are chosen to breed subsequent generations, resulting in new organisms in seeds.
GMO seeds were being produced in labs because this process increased the level of crop protection by improving plants’ resistance against diseases, viruses, and herbicides and this increased protection led to higher crop yields which reduce the overall price per unit, decreasing the price of the food.
Also, it was observed that GMO crops speed up the growth and harvesting, and often don’t need many pesticides to be applied in order to be protected from pests or high weed pressure, and can also tolerate the presence of Aluminium elements or the lack of fertilizers, higher salt concentrations, drought or frost conditions better than the non-GMO seeds.
In contrast to this, non-GMO seeds are those which are grown in a garden, and through pollination, as open-pollinated seeds. These are produced from random (natural) pollination by wind, birds, insects, or other natural means. These seeds that are cultivated from such openly-pollinated plants are kept genetically pure by isolating those plants from the pollen of other plants.
Sometimes, the seeds grown through pollination can also be “hybrid”, that is - developed through cross-pollination of two different plants to produce new traits - this is done using specific, carefully controlled methods for some required seed plants that can’t be created by inbreeding two of the same plants. Hybrid seed pollination can produce seeds that do not conform to the known characteristics of a given plant variety. Though the seeds saved from hybrid procedure will have unpredictable results, these seeds are safer compared to GMO seeds.
Now, although GMO seeds have been deemed as safe from a health perspective, little is known about the long-term effects and safety, as this is a relatively new practice, that even farmers and scientists are still trying to get used to, and learn more about.
The main health issues associated with GMO foods are hotly debated and research is ongoing. However, the reports from research so far have discovered evidence for some drawbacks that people have often associated with GMO foods, like anti-bacterial resistance.
It has been a subject of debate that a process which can boost a crop’s resistance to disease or make it more tolerant to herbicides, could also affect the ability of people to defend against illness. And the genes in food can transfer to cells the body or bacteria in the gut. Globally, it is observed that people are becoming increasingly resistant to antibiotics, and reports suggest there is a chance that GMO foods could be contributing to this.
GMO foods are also believed have more potential to trigger allergic reactions, because they sometimes contain genes from an “allergen” - a food that prompts an allergic reaction. Some researchers even believe that eating GMO foods can contribute to the development of cancer. This could be because the disease is caused by mutations in DNA, it is dangerous to introduce new genes into the body. Although there have been no evidences yet for this, scientists have said that more research will be required for reaching a conclusion, because no evidence still is not equal to proof of safety.
In order to produce seeds, a crop needs go through its entire life cycle. This process needs a lengthy window of time during which pests and disease can destroy the seed crop. To avoid this, conventional production models make use of pesticides liberally.
Organic seed crops on the other hand, are produced with the intention of preventing disease; and so, it is done in protected environments that reduce disease pressure, greatly reducing the need for harmful chemicals. “Organic" essentially means "non-GMO", but "non-GMO" does not necessarily mean "organic" unless the GMO seed, plant or tree is grown according to the USDA Organic standards. All our organic food products are grown from non-GMO seeds.
We believe that important to provide the highest quality non-GMO seed to farmers and are aiding in doing so without the use of environmentally harmful synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. We believe that important to provide the be best seed to farmers and are aiding in doing so without the use of environmentally harmful synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, to ensure people can get healthy and safe foods that are truly and completely organic.
Soil Enrichment Practices
Soil Enrichment is a soil fertilizer catalyst that makes fertilizer more efficient by conditioning the soil to allow more nutrients into the grass and improve grass health. Creates a stronger and healthier root system so that the grass can better withstand stress.
As plants grow, they take the nutrients from the soil under them. If their soil is healthy and composes of necessary nutrients, the plants using this soil will also grow to be healthy and bear healthy crops.
And to keep this soil healthy without disturbing the root systems of the existing plants, there are some practises that can help, like – composting, mulching and using of manure and certain fertilizers that don’t contain ingredients that are toxic to the soil.
Daisika’s food products – cereals, pulses, seeds, and other food products are grown crops are grown by organic farmers in soils that are enriched using the aforementioned methods, to improve the soil’s physical properties and microbial activity while enhancing the uptake of fertilizer and making nutrients more available to the plants and crops. Soil supplies essential nutrients, water, oxygen and root support that our food-producing plants need to grow and flourish. The soil’s quality is directly linked to the produced food quality and quantity. Food availability and quality relies on soils – so healthy and good quality food items are produced when soils are healthy and enriched!
No Chemicals or Artificial Treatment
A big part of the commercially sold food ingredients – cereals, pulses, spices, oil seeds and other crops are actually harvested by farmers much before their plants get ripe and traders then ripen them artificially at the destination using certain chemicals.
This is because sometimes crops take a while to be ripened. And it is not always possible in the commercial market to wait for them to ripen naturally, as the demand for these grocery items is high and persistent. More often than not, many crops are transported over long distances and if they had been harvested in a ripe or even almost-ripe stage, they get spoilt before reaching their destination.
So, the conventional farmers harvest them much before they mature completely. The traders then ripen or mature them artificially at the destination using certain chemicals. The high demand and commercialization of the food industry FBOs are using artificial ripening for early availability in the market. Almost 80% of the commercially available fruits are ripened using chemicals. Ethylene is the ingredient that is widely used for this purpose - at a concentration up to 100µl/L depending upon the crop variety and their maturity level/speed. But often, calcium carbide is also used, which is said to have been banned recently.
It is, however, fraught with several problems. It is explosive in nature and studies have shown that it breaks down the organic composition of vitamins and other micronutrients. Besides, it mostly changes only the skin colour: the fruit remains raw inside for a bit longer. Consumption of fruits which are thus ripened artificially can often lead to stomach upset, diarrhoea apart from providing reduced nutrition value.
In addition, calcium carbide when used, is often found contaminated with trace amounts of arsenic and phosphorus, whose toxicity is higher, and thus can cause poisoning and result in any health hazards like vomiting, diarrhoea with/without blood, problem in swallowing, burning of eyes, ulcers on the skin, mouth, nose, throat and so on. They can also damage the mucosal tissue in the stomach and disrupts the intestinal function. If a person is exposed to the chemicals for a long time, they can cause peptic ulcers.
Organic farming on the other hand is opposed to such artificial maturing techniques and completely relies on natural maturing of the crops before they are harvested.
The health benefits of crops are modified depending on how they are ripened and harvested. The best course is to allow them to ripen on the plant itself. For this, after proper maturity, the crops need to ripen naturally with the help of various physical and biochemical events.
Here are some guidelines you can follow in order to avoid consumption of chemicals through crops
- Buy cereals, pulses, oils etc from known dealers, reputed stores/ dealers who have an attestation of authenticity of their products being organically produced, or devoid of harmful chemicals.
- Read labels thoroughly, when buying. And scrutinize the texture, colour, and other properties of the oils, pulses, cereals, honey, spice seeds, etc.
- Eat locally grown and available food items more – as these are not transported from long distances, and thus will not use preservatives, etc.
Daisika brings to you organic and safely grown cereals, pulses, and seeds, and cold pressed oils that do not contain chemicals; and delivers these to your doorstep. Our products are synonymous with “organic” and we strive to bring to you the safest crop produce, with all their nutrients intact.