- Rotation of crops
- Organic soil enrichment
- Creating plant-based fertilizers
- Use of native species
As plants grow, they take the nutrients from the soil under them. If their soil is healthy and composes of necessary nutrients, the plants using this soil will also grow to be healthy and bear healthy crops.
And to keep this soil healthy without disturbing the root systems of the existing plants, there are some practises that organic farmers follow, like – composting, mulching and using of manure.
Composting is a process of applying a layer of “natural compost” - a material made up of organic leftovers – over soil. This compost generally contains vitamins and minerals which will enter the soil and seep below plants as it starts to decompose. The biodegrading material encourages the presence of beneficial insects (like earthworms) that continue the cycle of soil enrichment by fertilizing with excrement.
Our organic farmers also interchangeably make use of other plant-based fertilizers, like Alfalfa meal, Corn-gluten meal, Humus and so on. Such non-synthetic fertilizers plants generally have low to moderate N-P-K (Nitrogen-phosphorous-potassium) values, but their nutrients are quickly absorbed in the soil for the crop plants to use, and sometimes these have even been known to provide an extra dose of minerals and micronutrients to the soil, plants and the eventually harvested crops.
The manure from the excrement and wastes of farm animals etc. can be repurposed for soil enrichment. Manure contains nutrients left over from the animal’s digestive system along with a healthy dose of nitrogen. These nutrients can be re-introduced into the soil, after treating the manure to remove some harmful bacterial that may be present in it. These two processes help in enriching the soil significantly.
Mulching - a process of covering the soil and making conditions more favourable for plant growth, development. This procedure helps form a protective layer around the plant, nd protecting the soil by locking moisture saving nutrients into the material. Mulching can also drive away pests and prevent harmful weed growth, providing a boundary, and anchoring root systems are other benefits.
Plants in a living ecosystem that is a source of nutritious food crops need to be cared for in personalized and appropriate ways, suiting their requirements. Soil enrichment supplements can help create a stronger and healthier root system so that the growing plants can better withstand and overcome all kinds of problems including droughts, pests, diseases and the likes. Farmers who practice organic farming play a crucial role in this aspect – they promote the sustainable management of soils with the goal of improving productivity.
Rotation of Crops
The most important factors affecting plant growth at an individual site are sun, air, soil and water. Of these, water and soil quantity are most amenable to human intervention through time and labour.
Crop Rotation is the process of assigning a certain piece of land on the crops to be grown on it at intervals. The farmers choose different crops to be grown on the same soil in different timelines or intervals, one after the other, and these crops are generally chosen by taking into account the compatibilities, how the soil nutrients are going to be sustained with each and how the pests and weeds are to be controlled naturally without interfering with the health of the soil.
The main purpose of this procedure is to ensure that crops are harvested and sown at intervals such that they are able to maintain the health of the soil, without having to make use of any synthetic fertilizers, herbicides or pesticides additionally in order to repair the soil. So naturally, crop rotation by organic is adopted by the organic farmers because it supports natural methods instead of making use of synthetic materials to guarantee that the soil and crops are healthy.
This method has enabled our organic farmers to get maximum yields at the end of every planting season, and this is because of the individual yields that were expected from the crops as well as the soil fertility that improves when the crops that are planted one after the other through intelligent planning by the farmers have been able to complement each other well enough to guarantee maximum possible yield. Crops thus produced retain all their nutrients and these are distributed to our customers with all the nutrients intact, without having them go through any heavy processing.